[86] The -900ER can carry more fuel and has winglets. The Classic cabin was then redesigned once more for the third, Next Generation, 737 with a design based on the Boeing 777 cabin. ", "PICTURES: MAS takes delivery of first 737-800 with Sky Interior", "Wolkenlos in Seattle – an Bord des neuen Jets von TUIfly. The production line also introduced an improvement to the flap system, allowing increased use during takeoff and landing. [58] The last two -400s, i.e. contém as seguintes caracteristicas: 1,70 m de envergadura 1,80 de fuselagem duas edf duct fun … [6] On average, 1,250 737s are in the air at any time and two land or leave somewhere every five seconds. They were removed from the 737 cockpit in 2004. The -400F was not delivered by Boeing. [78], The 737-600 replaced the 737-500. The 737-600 was finished in 1995. ", "Boeing Commercial Aircraft - In-Flight Fuel Jettison Capability", "Troubled American Airlines jet lands safely at LAX. [80] 69 -600s have been delivered. Boeing 737 on Boeingin vuonna 1967 esittelemä kaksimoottorinen lyhyiden ja keskipitkien matkojen kapearunkoinen matkustajalentokone.Se on ilmailun historian myydyin kaupallinen suihkukone.. Tyyppiä myydään ja kehitetään edelleen. The 727's fuselage was derived from the 707. Many countries use the 737 as a military plane. [124][125], Split Scimitar winglets became available in 2014 for the 737-800, 737-900ER, BBJ2 and BBJ3, and in 2015 for the 737-700, 737-900 and BBJ1. At that time, twelve customers had ordered the package for more than 250 airframes. It converts old 737-800 passenger jets to dedicated freighters. After 271 aircraft were made at Boeing Field, Boeing moved the 737s to Renton. Since the engine is close to the ground, it is possible that they can be damaged by things lying on the ground. [29] The prototype of the 737-300 first flew on 24 February 1984. [96] 4,236 people have died because of these crashes. The Boeing 737 Classic is the name of the 737-300/-400/-500. The tip of the wing was made longer by 9 in (23 cm). [160], By 2006, there were an average of 1,250 Boeing 737s airborne at any given time, with two either departing or landing somewhere every five seconds. For example, more powerful engines and more fuel. Servo tabs are small hinges which move important parts of an aircraft. Two additional aircraft were delivered to the Colorado Air National Guard at Buckley ANGB (later Buckley AFB) and Peterson AFB, Colorado, in direct support of cadet air navigation training at the nearby U.S. Air Force Academy. ", "Troubled American Airlines jet lands safely at LAX. The sides of the tires are exposed to the air in flight. The initial concept featured podded engines on the aft fuselage, a T-tail as with the 727, and five-abreast seating. In the 1980s Boeing made the -300, -400, and -500 models. The Boeing 737 is a twin jet narrow-body airliner built by Boeing. It could carry 10 pallets of cargo. The wheels do not have a door to close over them. Boeing changed the name of the original 737 to the 737-100. Cockpits with electronic displays could be installed on the -500, but airlines could choose the use the older cockpit if they wanted. 8 de março - A Agência Federal de Aviação (FAA) dos Estados Unidos certifica o 737 MAX 8. United wanted a plane which was a bit bigger than the 737-100. It first flew on January 22, 1998. [36] Winglets can be added to most 737NG models. The main development was to re-engine with CFM LEAP-1B very high bypass ratio. [39][40][41] However, this total includes sales for the A321 and A318. It was made so that it could replace the 757-200. L aggiornamento della velocità è ritardato di qualche secondo A fuel dump system is a system which gets rid of any unneeded fuel if the aircraft needs to make an emergency landing while it still has a lot of fuel on board. This leaves the flight controls as a single point of failure, for example by metal fragments from an uncontained engine failure penetrating the wings or fuselage.[122]. License: Creative Commons Attribution; File format: .jpg; Size: 4896 x 3264, 5,56 MB ; Download. [71] The -900ER was introduced to meet the range and passenger capacity of the discontinued 757-200 and to directly compete with the Airbus A321. The 737-100 prototype is in the Museum of Flight in Seattle.[36]. Over 4,500 are still being used by airlines. All Nippon Airways was the launch customer for the -700ER. The first aircraft used by Boeing as prototype under registration N73700 was later ordered by and delivered to NASA on July 26, 1973, which then operated it under registration N515NA and retired after 30 years on September 27, 2003. The newest cabin design is called the Sky Interior. [32] On February 28, 1990, Southwest Airlines got their first delivery.[34]. The MAX-7 will replace the 737-700, the MAX-8 will replace the 737-800 and the MAX-9 will replace the 737-900ER. This was the 1,113th 737-300 made. [35] Le compagnie espressero anche il desiderio che la cabina di pilotaggio del nuovo aereo fosse compatibile con quella della generazione precedente. Early 737 cockpits also inherited the "eyebrow windows" positioned above the main glareshield, which were a feature of the original 707 and 727[110] to allow for better crew visibility. The 737-700C is a convertible version where the seats can be removed to carry cargo instead. [54] The prototype −300, the 1,001st 737 built, first flew on February 24, 1984 with pilot Jim McRoberts. The 737 is the only narrow-body airliner that Boeing is making. 1,988 aircraft were delivered in that time. This is what makes the engines non-circular. It competes with the Airbus A320neo family that was launched in December 2010 and reached 1,029 orders by June 2011, breaking Boeing's monopoly with American Airlines, which had an order for 130 A320neos that July. Existem quatro modelos básicos de Boeing 747, denominados 747-100, 747-200, 747-300 e 747-400. It has the body of a 737-700, but the wings and landing gear of a 737-800. As of April 2012, the 737 has been in 315 incidents. Awalnya pesawat ini merupakan pengembangan versi murah dari Boeing 707 dan Boeing 727 … The wingtip was extended 9 in (23 cm), and the wingspan by 1 ft 9 in (53 cm). Launch customer Hapag-Lloyd Flug (now TUIfly) received the first one in April 1998. Boeing wanted to make another aircraft to replace the 727 on short flights. Piedmont Airlines was the launch customer. They have more space for luggage than the other designs. Atualmente não são apenas os passageiros que devem caber em maior número dentro do avião. [114], Blended winglets were standard on the 737 NG and are available for retrofit on 737 Classic models. These cockpits also have modern avionics (autopilot etc.). "To Save Fuel, Airlines Find No Speck Too Small. SAS operates the 319/320/321 and 737-600/700/800. Ambos combustibles, el Jet A y el Jet A-1 pesan 6.84 libras por cada galón. The 737's main rival is the Airbus A320 family. It is still being worked on, but when it is finished, it will be made up of the 737-MAX-7, 737-MAX-8 and 737-MAX-9. The second "Classic" generation: 737-300, -400 and 500 series, launched in 1979. The NMA project was set aside in January 2020, as Boeing focused on returning the 737 MAX to service and announced that it would be taking a new approach to future projects.[109]. [141], On October 11, 1999 Boeing launched the BBJ2. Dati estratti da 737-boeing.com voci di aerei civili presenti su Wikipedia Il Boeing 737 è un aereo di linea bireattore, a fusoliera stretta , utilizzato per le rotte a medio-breve raggio, prodotto dall'azienda statunitense Boeing . The 737 was changed so much by the 737NG program that it is almost like a new aircraft. A hull loss accident is when the plane is damaged so much it can not be used anymore, or if the plane was completely destroyed. This was the 1,095th 737-200 built. [23], In 1988, Boeing stopped making 737-200s. At first, Boeing was making it to be a shorter, cheaper airliner than its 707 and 727. On average, a 737 takes off or lands every five seconds. These are made by Messier-Bugatti. [home.deds.nl/~hink07/Report.pdf "Analysis Landing Gear 737-500. The FAA certified it on August 18, 1998. [144] The first 737-800BCF was delivered in 2018 to GECAS, which is leased to West Atlantic. However, 149 can fit in if the aircraft only has an economy class. ", "B737: Best-Selling Aircraft in the World. It first flew on February 9, 1997. It features a redesigned wing with a larger area, a wider wingspan, greater fuel … This is correct as of December 31, 2012.[92]. ", "Airbus A320 Aircraft Facts, Dates and History. The third generation "NG" series: 737-600, -700, -800 and 900 series, also the military C-40 and P-8, launched late 1993. Customers include: GOL, Alaska Airlines, Air Europa, Air India, Egyptair, GE Commercial Aviation Services (GECAS), Hapagfly, Japan Airlines, Pegasus Airlines, Ryanair, Sky Airlines and Turkish Airlines.[137]. It is used by both the United States Navy and the United States Air Force, and has been ordered by the United States Marine Corps. 324 people have died in hijackings. ", "Boeing Introduces 737 MAX With Launch of New Aircraft Family", "AIRSHOW-Boeing 737 draft orders reach 700", "Boeing sets record with $22 billion order", "Boeing 737 MAX Gets Milestone Order from Aviation Capital Group", "Boeing 737 Airplane Characteristics for Airport Planning. Boeing 737-800. The family which came before it is the 737 Classic (−300/-400/-500) family. [29] A 48-inch tailpipe extension was added and new, target-style, thrust reversers were incorporated. [65] A total of 69 aircraft without Winglets have been produced with the last one delivered to WestJet in 2006. M. ANA Wings Boeing 737-500 JC Wings: EW4735004 € 33.00 Future release 1:200. The 737 MAX, designed to compete with the A320neo, was grounded worldwide between March 2019 and November 2020 following two fatal crashes. In 2019 two MAX 8 aircraft crashed, killing all aboard and causing aviation authorities to ban commercial operation of the 737 MAX until they are fixed. Acerca de Norwegian. Boeing fixed the drag issue by introducing new longer nacelle/wing fairings, and improved the airflow over the flaps and slats. This 148-inch (3.76 m) wide fuselage cross-section permitted six-abreast seating compared to the rivals' five-abreast. [72], On August 30, 2011, Boeing confirmed the launch of the 737 new engine variant, to be called the Boeing 737 MAX. [151], The 737 is operated by more than 500 airlines, flying to 1,200 destinations in 190 countries: over 4,500 are in service and at any given time there are on average 1,250 airborne worldwide. Los aviones Boeing 737 MAX empiezan a recuperar la confianza perdida. A winglet lift credit, achieved through additional winglet testing, that reduces the minimum landing-approach speeds. [85][86] The redesign uses the 737-8 wing and landing gear; a pair of over-wing exits rather than the single-door configuration; a 46-inch longer aft fuselage and a 30-inch longer forward fuselage; structural re-gauging and strengthening; and systems and interior modifications to accommodate the longer length. [1] It featured a redesigned wing with a wider wingspan and larger area, greater fuel capacity, longer range and higher MTOWs. The pilot's muscle forces alone control the tabs. It succeeds the Boeing 737 Next Generation (NG). Altre modifiche di progettazione sono i LED di atterraggio, le luci della fase di rullaggio e un vano elettronico ridisegnato. Boeing ha coinvolto le compagnie aeree nello sviluppo del 737 NG. [66] The 737-700 replaced the 737-300 and competes with the Airbus A319. The 737 Classic series featured CFM56 high bypass turbofan engines, which yielded significant gains in fuel economy and a reduction in noise over the JT8D low bypass engines used on the 737 Original series (−100 and −200), but also posed an engineering challenge given the low ground clearance of the Boeing 737 family. ", "Check Out Boeing's Swanky New High-Tech Interior. It was called the 737 MAX. The wing was changed again. The only types of 737 that Boeing is still making are the -700, -800 and … The first airline to use it was Piedmont Airlines. The legs are covered by partial doors, and "brush-like" seals aerodynamically smooth (or "fair") the wheels in the wells. 737 Next Generation: 737-600, 737-700, 737-800, 737-900 737 MAX: 737-7, 737-8, 737-9. O Boeing 737 Max-8200 traz consigo, diz a empresa, mais oito assentos por voo, “mas gasta menos 16% de combustível” e reduz o ruído. The CFM56-7 engine on the 737 Next Generation burns even less fuel than the engines on the 737 Classics. However, because autopilot, advanced radar etc. The 737-500 (originally known as the 737 Lite and the 737-1000) combined the original length fuselage of the -200, with the various improvements of the -300 and -400. 737 Classic: 737-300, 737-400, 737-500. A third aircraft was also transferred to Air Force Material Command for use as a radar test bed aircraft and was redesignated as an NT-43A. [180] Similar rudder issues led to a temporary loss of control on at least five other 737 flights before the problem was ultimately identified. The first 737 equipped Boeing Sky Interior was delivered to Flydubai in late 2010. [139] Technically, only the Navy C-40A variant is named "Clipper", whereas the USAF C-40B/C variants are officially unnamed. After 40 years the last 737-200 aircraft in the United States were retired on March 31, 2008. In the 1990s, Boeing brought out the 737 Next Generation. This change meant that the -400 could carry 170 passengers. They proved to be relatively ineffective and tended to lift the aircraft up off the runway when deployed. [18][20] The first flight it made for United Airlines was on April 28, 1968. These models go from 102 ft (31.09 m) to 138 ft (42.06 m) in length. It is the third family of Boeing 737. Percorsi brevi hanno, in proporzione, consumi più elevati perché 1/3 del carburante viene bruciato durante il decollo. Before the aircraft can fly again, repairs must be implemented and airlines' training programs must be approved. Seating is as follows: A319: 141. The modest 66 in (1.7 m) stretch of fuselage enables the MAX 10 to retain the existing wing and CFM Leap 1B engine from the MAX 9 with a trailing-link main landing gear as the only major change. Boeing will make three types of 737 MAX. [146], The Boeing 737 Classic, Next Generation and MAX series have faced significant competition from the Airbus A320 family first introduced in 1988. It is armed with torpedoes, Harpoon anti-ship missiles and other weapons, and is able to drop and monitor sonobuoys, as well as operate in conjunction with other assets such as the Northrop Grumman MQ-4C Triton maritime surveillance unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV). After 40 years, in March 2008, the final 737-200 aircraft in the U.S. flying scheduled passenger service were phased out, with the last flights of Aloha Airlines. If the customer likes, Boeing will install eyebrow windows for them. This means it can travel over 3,000 nautical miles (5,600 km) in total, which means that the 737NG can travel between different continents. The original 737 continued to be developed into thirteen passenger, cargo, corporate and military variants. The 737-200 Advanced can also fly further than the 737-200. The aircraft were delivered between May 1982 and October 1983.[33]. A320: 168. This meant that the wheels were not being pushed down onto the ground very much, which made the brakes less useful. Boeing and CFM fixed this problem by putting the engines slightly ahead of the wings instead of putting them right underneath. Boeing 727 = 5.670 kgs/h. "], Competition between Airbus A320 and Boeing 737, List of accidents and incidents involving the Boeing 737, "Boeing 737 Model Summary – Orders and Deliveries", "Boeing 737 MAX can return to the skies, FAA says", "Half-century milestone marks 737's enduring appeal", "Original 737 Comes Home to Celebrate 30th Anniversary", "Small local suppliers flying blind through 737 Max crisis", "737 Airplane Characteristics for Airport Planning", "Southwest Airlines Retires Last of Founding Aircraft; Employees Help Celebrate the Boeing 737-200's Final Flight", "Arctic Eagles Bid Mud Hens Farewell At Alaska Airlines", "Next Generation 737 Program Milestones. [107] A Future Small Airplane (FSA) was also touted during this period. Oct 19, 2017 - Explore Alfonso Saavedra's board "BOEING 737", followed by 105 people on Pinterest. [9] Boeing did a lot of research and found that airlines wanted an airliner which could hold 50 to 60 passengers. The Aerolíneas Argentinas Boeing 737 MAX 8 seats 170 passengers and is capable of flying 3,515 nautical miles (6,510 kilometers). Boeing establece rangos máximos de 6100, 7900, 7700 y 7260 millas respectivamente para cada modelo de 747. Airbus A330 = 5.500 kgs/h. The P-8 can be operated in the anti-submarine warfare (ASW), anti-surface warfare (ASUW), and shipping interdiction roles. The 737-200 Advanced is an improved version of the -200, introduced into service by All Nippon Airways on May 20, 1971. Its main rival is the A319. [14] Boeing cancelled the Boeing Supersonic Transport and started making less Boeing 747s. [13], The first 737s were made near Boeing Field (now officially called King County International Airport) because the factory in Renton was too busy building the 707 and 727. Ante este movimiento de la competencia, Boeing decidió evolucionar su modelo 737 para dotarlo de motores que le permitieran llegar a nivel de consumo similares al A320. Boeing Business Jet versions are produced since the 737NG, as well as military models. [24][25], In 1979, Boeing started working on a large improvement for the 737. Il Boeing 737 è un aereo di linea bireattore, a fusoliera stretta, utilizzato per le rotte a medio-breve raggio, prodotto dall'azienda statunitense Boeing. They ordered 25 aircraft in 1986. This aircraft was 2,843rd 737 built. The 737-300 is the first model of the 737 Classic series. The 737 Next Generation series introduced a six-screen LCD glass cockpit with modern avionics but designed to retain crew commonality with previous 737 generations. [1] Boeing 737s are built at the Boeing Renton Factory in Renton, Washington. [58] A single prototype flew 375 hours for the certification process,[58] and on February 28, 1990, Southwest Airlines received the first delivery.[41]. Deliveries are supposed to start in 2017. [154] Boeing also improved the flaps. The 737 is the best-selling jet airliner in history. The 737-400SF was a 737-400 converted to freighter, though it was not a model delivered by Boeing and hence the nickname Special Freighter (SF). En una grabación de cabina, se puede escuchar a El 737 MAX 9 está planeado para reemplazar todas las unidades del Boeing 737-900, perteneciente a la familia Next Generation de este modelo. African airline orders kept the production running until the 1978 US Airline Deregulation Act, which improved demand for six-abreast narrow-body aircraft. It was also made to be a rival to the Airbus A321. The 737 was the most commonly flown aircraft in 2008,[161] 2009,[162] and 2010. This means that the plane can fly further than a normal 737-700. [98] The 737 MAX 9 replaced the 737-900 and competed with Airbus A321neo, The MAX 10 was proposed as a stretched MAX 9 in mid-2016, enabling seating for 230 in a single class or 189 in two-class layout, compared to 193 in two-class seating for the A321neo. In 1970, Boeing only got 37 orders for 737s. Boeing va construir el 737 per cobrir la necessitat de tenir un producte que pogués competir al mercat del transport aeri de curt abast, el qual va ser obert pel BAC One-Eleven i el McDonnell Douglas DC-9.Boeing anava per darrere de la seva competència, ja que, quan la construcció del 737 es va iniciar el 1964, ambdós dels seus competidors ja tenien els seus certificats de vol. The 737-300 was replaced by the 737-700 of the Next Generation series. [114] The 737-200 Mini-winglets are part of the Quiet Wing Corp modification kit that received certification in 2005. [84], In July 2008, Delta Air Lines got the first -700 that had Messier-Bugatti's carbon brakes.[64]. [37][38] Gravel-kitted 737-200 Combis are still used by Canadian North, Air Inuit, Nolinor, Chrono and Air North in Northern Canada where gravel runways are common. It was based on earlier 737 designs with more efficient LEAP-1B power plants, aerodynamic improvements (most notably split-tip winglets), and airframe modifications. American Airlines said they would order 100 of these aircraft. Nesse centro são entregues apenas os modelos 737, sendo que os demais são entregues aos clientes nas próprias fábricas. The Boeing AT Winglet resembles a cross between the Blended Winglet and the Split Scimitar Winglet.[128]. La historia de la aviación comercial no se puede entender sin la familia 737. They were said to lift the aircraft off the runway when they were used. [183], Following the crashes of two 737 MAX 8 aircraft, Lion Air Flight 610 in October 2018 and Ethiopian Airlines Flight 302 in March 2019, which caused 346 deaths, national aviation authorities around the world grounded the 737 MAX series. It is painted in the silver & red, 27286/2528: 737-3Q8 registered N759BA on static display at the, This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 21:21. It began using the -200 Advanced on May 20, 1971. They can also be added when the aircraft is built. "Hub caps" complete the aerodynamic profile of the wheels. The 737 Classic planes also had some improvements made to the wings. However, 737s used by the military still have them installed. Note that the 2020 deliveries consist of NG-based variants and include no 737 MAXs. [97] The launch customer, Lion Air Group, took the first MAX 9 on March 21, 2018, before entering service with Thai Lion Air. There are two on each side. These are the MAX-7, MAX-8 and the MAX-9. The 737's controls are very safe. O avião Boeing 737 de curta e média distância, com relação ao consumo e protecção contra ruídos, é o tipo mais ecologicamente correcto de sua classe. Cada um desses modelos usa quatro motores, que consomem combustível Jet A-1 ou Jet-A. Características de combustível do Boeing 747. Sales were low in the early 1970s[26] and, after a peak of 114 deliveries in 1969, only 22 737s were shipped in 1972 with 19 in backlog.