Both aircraft have similar IRST sensors. In that sense, both feature sensor fusion and represent a significant upgrade compared to legacy aircraft and previous Rafale and Typhoon standards. Your email address will not be published. The initial F1 standard was delivered with an initial batch of Rafale Ms for the Aéronautique Navale or Aeronavale (French Navy air arm) equipped for air-to-air … The characteristics of Storm Shadow/SCALP EG and KR KEPD-350 TAURUS are roughly equal. His article provoked a huge response from readers around the world. L’F35 è invece un multiruolo di quinta generazione, … The ongoing flight trials of the SPEAR 3 multirole light standoff munition (which includes an EW variant for stand-in jamming) on UK Typhoons give the type access to another highly potent option, although at present the UK is only paying to actually use SPEAR 3 on F-35B. Air-to-air engagements at short ranges and why?RBE2 due to much faster AESA scan, acquisition and classification of target capabilities, greater resistance to dropping contacts during manoeuvres, as well as excellent information display for pilots in F3R cockpit. Our interviews with Typhoon pilot here , here and here. This site needs a small donation from you to continue. The integration of the Meteor missile for the F3R standard Rafales has plugged a major weakness of the type in my 2015 assessments – the lack of a serious BVR stick. Rafale : The Rafale is fitted with the Snecma M88 engine, capable of providing up to 50 kN (11,250 lbf) of dry thrust and 75 kN (16,900 lbf) with afterburners. Unless he has access to the official EM charts for both, he is simply guessing. Defensive aids SPECTRA has a better reputation primarily because of Libya in 2011 (a result of French political ambition and risk tolerance, alongside technical capability). The Indian Air Force (IAF) hopes that the contract for the medium multirole combat aircraft (MMRCA) Rafale will be signed by the middle of this year with the French aerospace vendor Dassault Aviation. Welcome to part 3 of Rafale vs Gripen vs Eurofighter Typhoon .The most “main caliber” of all three aircraft is cruise missiles (KR). From the cocaine, blood and flying scarves of World War One dogfighting to the dark arts of modern air combat, here is an enthralling ode to these brutally exciting killing machines. L’Italia dispone di poco meno di 100 esemplari, se non ricordo male, che utilizza in configurazione di caccia intercettore e per superiorità aerea. Justin Bronk is a Research Fellow of Military Sciences at the Royal United Services Institute and Editor of RUSI Defence Systems. The Rafale’s RCS reduction won’t be much of a use due to Sukhoi’s L-band antennas built into the wing’s leading edges and rudders which can pick up faint … This is all relative, however, as both aircraft perform very similarly in most scenarios compared to other types. Based on the physical properties of the two aircraft I’d suspect the Rafale has a higher instantaneous rate, but at the same time the Typhoon should have a superior sustained turn rate irrespective of altitude thanks to signifantly higher thrust and a lower induced drag. Completely slicked off with no external stores or targeting pods, a Rafale would likely have a lower frontal RCS compared to a Typhoon, but in practice neither would be combat effective in this configuration. The S-500 Prometey: Antidote To Hypersonic Weapons, Unbreakable 50-year record of Soviet submarine, Chinese media on the purchase of S-400 by India, INDIA getting ready to meet 500 tanks of a new generation of Russian-made T-14 Armata, There Is No Match Between India And Pakistan : Chinese Expert. This is a significant advantage over Typhoon in the TAC-R role. Typhoon versus Rafale, culisele victoriei franceze in India. The RAF’s Tranche 3 jets. Currently, a new version of JAS 39E with advanced capabilities is offered for export, which will be a good competition for Rafale and Eurofighter. F-35 Lightning II vs F-15E Strike Eagle F-22 Raptor. They’re trying to do something much more ambitious; although in many scenarios the output is functionally similar. – In A2G, India ordered SPICE glide bombs for Rafale To do this, it is hung with a RECO-NG container with IR and television reconnaissance equipment, capable of operating in day and night conditions at altitudes from 60 to 15,000 m. It allows you to obtain a television image of remote ground objects with high resolution. Recommended donation £15. However, the biggest win in recent years is for Typhoon from Germany for both the Quadriga-standard replacement order for the Tranche 1s and also 90 aircraft to replace Germany’s Tornado fleet in the conventional strike role. On 30 November 2011, the Swiss government announced its decision to buy 22 Gripen NG aircraft for 3.1 billion Swiss francs. When using the aircraft to directly support the troops, the “euro-fighter” will have to enter the range of the military air defence. In terms of the design philosophy effects on the final aircraft, the Rafale has a greater emphasis on load carrying and exceptional handling even at very low speeds whilst the Typhoon as a design is more focused on maximum performance at altitude, and agility at transonic and supersonic speeds. I guess it would take a lot of money to upgrade them to the latest version? Maritime attack RBE2 again due to advantages of AESA array plus a more mature maritime attack mode with Exocet integrated. The AIM-120C7 and AIM-120D variants of AMRAAM used by RAF Typhoons significantly outrange MICA, although they do no boast an IR variant for passive BVR engagement capabilities. Range: 3,600 km: 3,700 km: Max speed: Mach 2.25 (2,390 km/h, 1,490 mph) Mach 1.8 (1,912 km/h) Service ceiling: 18,000 m: 15,235 m: Weight empty: 18.4 t: 10.3 t I would particularly like to note the French designers who managed to create a really good universal aircraft for both the Air Force and the Navy, whose requirements for combat vehicles are contradictory. AASM is dependent on either IR or laser-guidance to hit moving targets, rendering it more sensitive to adverse conditions than Brimstone’s millimetric wave radar seeker/laser dual mode guidance option. Both Rafale F3R and P3E standard (Centurion upgraded) Typhoons present pilots with an intuitive combined situational awareness display which integrates data from multiple sensors. Summing up, I would like to say that all three fighters have a high combat potential, are equipped with modern avionics and weapons, are able to perform a wide range of tasks. It is still a brutal performer compared to most other fighters, but cannot match Typhoon’s climb rate and brute thrust especially at higher altitudes. directly from Dassault with none of the aircraft being made in India. Il Rafale è un aereo multiruolo di quarta generazione, e può essere paragonato all’Eurofighter Typhoon, costruito in Europa da Gran Bretagna, Germania, Italia e Spagna. How many Meteors are carried on a single-aircraft in everyday service?RAF Typhoons and French Air Force Rafales typically carry two Meteors when flying with the missile. Having ‘flown’ full fidelity Typhoon simulators in Italy and the UK, including the latest Project Centurion multi-role standard now used by the RAF, I was impressed by the intuitive ‘feel’ of the human-machine interface (HMI) across various multi role tasks. Typhoon with the PIRATE system is significantly ahead of the legacy Rafale IRST. Rafal and EF-2000 use the British-French KR Storm Shadow/SCALP EG (British/French designation), Eurofighter and Gripen can use the Swedish-German CD KEPD-150/350 TAURUS (the Swedish Air Force has not been supplied as of 2019). This doesn’t really count as an export success though. Typhoon (Tranche 2 and 3)’s main strike armament of Paveway IV, Brimstone and Storm Shadow give it world-leading high-precision, low-collateral damage tools for most ground targets. Eurofighter and Gripen are hung from a hanging container with a Lightning II infrared front-view system, a container with a higher-performance DAMOCLES television-laser target, and sensitive elements of which allow the recognition of armoured vehicles at a distance of up to 27 km, which also increases the chances of survival of the French fighter when using precision weapons. Both types have a similar ferry range with a ‘heavy’ three tank fit. Rafale has had some impressive success on the export market since 2015, with the combination of RBE2 radar, combat record in Libya and aggressive French state support for marketing efforts contributing to success in Egypt, Qatar and Greece (as well as India). After completing 385 reconnaissance sorties, Rafali provided about 30% of the total number of images collected by the coalition’s tactical intelligence. What is the best Rafale variant today and why?That’s tricky to say. Rafal can carry six AASM CABs and apply them for six targets at the same time. Dassault, however, did agree to make investments in India by tying up local partners. The typhoon would be destroyed before it even knew the JSF was there. Given that the arms market has serious rivals in the face of Russia and China, who offer their products at a much lower price, it will be quite difficult for Europeans to achieve significant achievements in the supply of their equipment for export. You can always go back and Compare any two aircraft in our database. Air-to-air engagements at long ranges The RBE2 (has the advantage) against targets with a low radar cross section due to the greater performance of AESA types against these threats. In this ranking, there are five... Rafale vs Gripen vs Eurofighter Typhoon : Which One Is Better (Part-3). He … Rafale has a superior ECM (electronic attack) capability in the shape of the SPECTRA suite allowing it more options to degrade the performance of hostile SAM radars if it needs to penetrate … Frankly, Switzerland should be flying Gripen C/D or possibly E/F given their national budget, neutrality and mission requirements and I’d wager anyone who looks at it from an operational requirements point of view would come to a similar conclusion. Why India Is Still Struggling To Make A Jet Engine ? For Rafale, Meteor is regularly carried by the F3R standard aircraft on live operational sorties by both the Armee de l’Air and Aeronavale. Now India has 3rd Biggest Hypersonic Wind Tunnel In The World. At the same time, it was possible to achieve a high degree of unification of structures by 80% (by BREO by 95%). Everyone has their own peculiarities, but in the complex of combat characteristics they are about equal and it is difficult to give anyone a clear preference. For such targets, Typhoon users would employ Paveway II/III/IV series weapons. Low-observabilityBoth Rafale and Typhoon have low observable features but quite frankly neither is a low observable type. According to the pilots, this is an extremely effective weapon for use in urban environments. In within-visual range combat, both Typhoon and Rafale would likely destroy each other in the merge in a 1v1 or 2v2. I am surprised the Typhoons new Digital Stealth was not mentioned, it seems to be a world leading capability on Typhoon to counter, if not surpass the lack of static stealth in the air-frame. With just about two months to go for the biggest air show in Asia, the registrations for Aero India 2021 are steadily growing. However, as a rule Rafale is probably slightly cheaper in real terms to acquire than Typhoon. The Hush-Kit Book of Warplanes is a beautifully designed, highly visual, collection of the best articles from the fascinating world of military aviation –hand-picked from the highly acclaimed Hush-kit online magazine (and mixed with a heavy punch of new exclusive material). The GBU-39 SBD (Small Diameter Bomb) is an American controlled high-precision air bomb with wings spread out in the air. However, Brimstone is not designed to produce area effects or destroy structures, so for such targets the AASM family provides far more capability, especially with the larger ‘bomb’ body variants. TAURUS MP (Modular Payload) is an option that allows you to install an arbitrary payload as a combat part. Why? I asked a Eurofighter pilot about this and I’m still not quite sure it’s a meaningful thing. O istorie a contractului din India . In this role, the Typhoon is probably the standout with its superior BVR capabilities in a large scale, open ROE engagement, but up close in a flashpoint around a QRA interception Rafale might have the edge. Geographically surrounded on four sides by the Eurofighter nations, the frivolous observer may liken the French Rafale to Asterix and his indomitable friends. Both types are highly tolerant of bad weather conditions although Rafale-M has an edge in terms of landing conditions tolerances due to the carrier-suitability adaptions. I think that is now enabled. "M/s DA (Dassault Aviation) was determined as L1 (lowest bidder) based on Total Cost of Acquisition (TCA). Eurofighter’s arsenal includes Brimstone guided missiles to destroy mobile armoured targets with a range of 11-12 km. In April 2015, during PM Modi's visit to France, he announced a deal to directly buy 36 … They are designed to destroy highly protected military installations. As such, both Typhoon and Rafale could make a very valuable contribution to a SEAD/DEAD operation in support of more stealthy penetrating ISTAR/strike assets such as F-35 or advanced UAVs, but if hypothetically forced to fight alone neither is particularly well suited at present – Rafale having a slight edge due to the SPECTRA suite. Also Damocles is replaced by TALIOS as part of F3R. Engaging Top (and bottom) 10s including: Greatest fighter aircraft of World War II, Worst British aircraft, Worst Soviet aircraft and many more insanely specific ones. Neither aircraft sparkles in the high-alpha regime compared to the Hornet family or anything with thrust vectoring, but the Rafale’s aerodynamically coupled canards give it slightly better high-alpha authority at slow speeds than Typhoon. As above, the higher the speed and altitude of an engagement, the better Typhoon performs relative to Rafale and vice versa. However, it is a highly capable defensive aids suite, with greater strength on the ECM area of the ESM/ECM/ECCM EW triad compared to Typhoon’s DAS which is notable in the quality of its ESM (passive detection, ID and tracking of threats). The Modi government's move to cancel the original Rafale deal and buy 36 jets off the rack ran into controversy, with the Congress party raising … With the Centurion upgrades, Meteor integration and an extremely experienced user community both in terms of strike/multirole missions and air superiority, the RAF’s Tranche 3 Typhoons would edge out the Kuwaiti and Qatari aircraft in terms of operational capability, even though the latter feature the export version of the CAPTOR-E radar series. Rewards levels include these packs of specially produced trump cards. According to Deutsche Welle, with reference to Spiegel Online, the operation of combat vehicles is much more expensive than the planned level. HOME. The figure of 80,000 is named. Rafale’s SCALP and Typhoon’s Storm Shadow are essentially the same (extremely capable but very expensive) missile from MBDA. Air-to-groundRBE2 as a multifunction AESA radar gives far more air-to-ground functionality than CAPTOR-M. (Radar 0 is optimised for air-to-air and is unlikely to challenge RBE2 in this arena). Most countries will not be able to purchase 5th generation equipment because of the prohibitive cost and high operating costs. The F-22 is a flat out joke unless you want to use it unarmed as a spy plane or in long range dog fights. A significant drawback of French products is their extremely high cost of 300,000 dollars, which is more than 10 times more expensive than American counterparts. They were executed with the use of stealth technology. The cost of 36 Rafale aircraft cannot be directly compared to the cost … The UK’s new Britecloud active radar ‘chaff’ countermeasures are another area where Typhoon is potentially somewhat in the lead on DAS features. A Rafale negyedik generációs, szuperszonikus vadászbombázó repülőgép, melyet Franciaországban gyártanak. Maintenance/sortie rates/operating costs/cost. The exact cost per flight hour (a hugely contentious topic anyway) will depend greatly on which operator and which version you are looking at. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. In 2015, Research Fellow at the RUSI Think-tank Justin Bronk, compared Europe’s two middle-weight fighter aircraft, the Typhoon and Rafale, The relatively subtle differences between these two superbly capable aircraft have inspired a great deal of heated debate, often poisoned by pride and nationalism. If you’ve enjoyed an article please donate here. The leaked Swiss evaluation rated Rafale superior in almost every category- would this still be the case?The Swiss competition was horrendously mismanaged by the Eurofighter consortium with a buggy Tranche 1 jet sent to compete with the best that Saab and Dassault could bring to the table. Expert analysis of weapons, tactics and technology. China can copy everything except aircraft engines. Information can be transmitted to a ground station in real-time at a rate of 50 Mbps. However, Rafale can also use the RECO-NG wide area/standoff TAC-R pod to provide a modern, fully digital equivalent to RAPTOR. The biggest source of differences comes from the French requirement that the basic airframe design be suitable for CATOBAR carrier operations, which carries particular requirements in terms of relatively high-alpha, low speed handling especially with external stores still attached. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. “If you have any interest in aviation, you’ll be surprised, entertained and fascinated by Hush-Kit – the world’s best aviation blog”. – In Range, the Eurofighter’s LPD takes up a wet point … China Has Deployed J-11, J-16 Fighter Jets In Increased Numbers To Counter Indian Air Force At LAC. Both Typhoon and Rafale lack a commonly carried anti-radiation missile, although modern AAM such as AMRAAM and Meteor can be assumed to have a certain degree of ARM capability in extremis. AVIATION / AEROSPACE. It can also carry other munitions including the US Paveway II and III series of laser-guided bombs, and has been cleared for the AGM-88 HARM and British ALARM anti-radiation missiles although these are not in operational service. However, this modification has lost its main trump card – a relatively low price. US development efforts have emphasised these cooperative engagement capabilities (CEC) far more than French ones over the past two decades, and Typhoon benefits from that weapon heritage. In 2012, a confidential report of the Swiss Air Force's 2009 tests of the three contenders was leaked, which had rated the Gripen as performing substantially … It is said that the Rafale would have an advantage in a dogfight below 10K feet and a Typhoon above, would you agree with this? Your email address will not be published. We went back to Justin Bronk and asked him to revisit this analysis to include half a decade’s worth of development and weapons integration which has now placed these two aircraft at the top of their game. However, neither truly does the F-35’s signature trick of feeding the raw sensor inputs into a complex analytical process which cross references data from and cross cues not only each sensor on the jet but also those across a formation of F-35s, before presenting a processed single SA picture to the pilot. Typhoon users will have to wait for the UK-developed ECRS2 radar and DAS upgrade for a competitive or even (potentially) superior option. Comparison of Eurofighter Typhoon (EF2000) and Dassault Rafale Direct side-by-side comparison of two aircraft. Europe’s two middle-weight fighter aircraft, the Typhoon and Rafale, have fought tooth and nail for multi-billion Euro sales across the world. The Rafale was also designed from the outset as a nuclear delivery system, which was not a major consideration for the Eurofighter nations. The Swedish “baby” will thus surpass Eurofighter and Rafal in the strike capabilities. In terms of unit cost, Rafale is marketed as cheaper than the latest standards of Typhoon, although the Indian experience would suggest that in practice export customer requirements on industrial offsets and liability can dramatically alter costs compared to the up-front offer, so I’d be wary of comparing public cost claims from either manufacturer. The Swedish JAS 39C has a slightly smaller combat potential. A pilot from either of those two fighters would find little out of place or unfamiliar in terms of cockpit layout, although the internal menus and system logic may be different from what they are used to. Which aircraft would fare better against the Flanker family and other aircraft likely to be flown by near-peer competitors such as the Chinese J-10 family? Out of six competitors, Rafale and Eurofighter Typhoon had made up to the final round, Dassualt Rafale being the lowest bidder winning the deal [Read: Dassualt Rafale Wins 126 MMRCA Jet Fighters Deal With India ]. The range reaches up to 60 km (up to 1 meter) against 28 km at JDAM. TAURUS HPM (High Power Microwave) is a missile equipped with a special combat unit with a high-power microwave emitter to disable enemy information systems and energy sources. During NATO’s military campaign against Libya in 2011, Brimstone missiles were used against tanks on the streets of Misrata. The Typhoon has an advantage in terms of a mature helmet mounted display (HMD) system in the form of the Striker helmet, and an extremely advanced follow on (the Striker II) is well into testing with integral night vision, multi role visual/voice target designation capabilities and other advancements. The lower the altitude, the greater Rafale’s margin of advantage; the higher one goes, the better Typhoon performs relatively. for the cost of one euro-hour Eurofighter in 2013. Both can use third party target data to launch Meteor without active radar scanning by the launch aircraft, and both can hand off guidance in flight to other friendly assets. What is the best Typhoon variant today and why? It is packed with a feast of material, ranging from interviews with fighter pilots (including the English Electric Lightning, stealthy F-35B and Mach 3 MiG-25 ‘Foxbat’), to wicked satire, expert historical analysis, top 10s and all manner of things aeronautical, from the site described as: “the thinking-man’s Top Gear… but for planes”. Negotiations pursued for 126 planes, out of which 18 were to be made in France, the rest in India. Rafale is a omnirole fighter from his conception, not the typhoon and the argument is to give more engine thrust or longer range radar is bogus because you must take into consideration all the other parameters, weight, radar syrface, weapon system, aerodynamics etc …Rafale is a must of fighter jet combat. Rafal and EF-2000 use the British-French KR Storm Shadow/SCALP EG (British/French designation), Eurofighter and Gripen can use the Swedish-German CD KEPD-150/350 TAURUS (the Swedish Air Force has not been supplied as of 2019). The RBE2 radar has continued to mature and is now a standout feature of the jet, whilst the French government has committed to a major upgrade of the jet’s internal systems and sensors in the upcoming F4 standard programme. This is a realistic comparison … In practice it would depend on pilot experience and skill to fly their aircraft at best corner speed and manage their energy and position to best effect. when discharged from a height of 10,000 m. Its mass is only 130 kg, it has small dimensions. As revolver cannons, both reach their maximum fire rate almost immediately. What is Typhoon’s configuration designed to excel at, and the same for Rafale? In terms of load carrying capacity, ECM, subsonic agility, low and medium altitude WVR performance and cost Rafale F3R would also likely still come out ahead of a Tranche 2 or 3 P3E standard Typhoon. RAFALE v/s SU-35. Aero India Day-1: Rafale, B-52, Gripen-E, Typhoon And Other Aircraft Light Up Bengaluru’s Yelahanka Air Force Base. Publicat pe februarie 12, 2012 de George GMT. Rafale, EF-2000 and JAS 39E aircraft can be suspended by up to four portable missiles (PKR), and two missiles can be fired on the JAS-39C. Cockpit layout/man-machine interfaceBoth aircraft have similar cockpit layouts in most respects, with three large main multifunction colour displays capable of significant customisation to suit individual pilot preferences in the latest versions. Some points to be corrected: To install 227, 454, 910 calibers on conventional free-to-air bombs, France has developed a modular AASM kit (similar to the American JDAM). India interested in producing submarines with Russia, 10 interesting facts about the International Space Station, China new dry dock for “Aircraft carrier”: Type 002 Aircraft Carrier Will Launch Soon. It also has American-made CABs. Interviews with pilots of the F-14 Tomcat, Mirage, Typhoon, MiG-25, MiG-27, English Electric Lighting, Harrier, F-15, B-52 and many more. In the near future, their combat capabilities will increase significantly, which will allow them to remain in service for many years to come. Both Typhoon and Rafale can launch capable standoff cruise missiles in the shape of the Storm Shadow/SCALP and Taurus KEPD 350. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. How frequently is Meteor actually carried in 2020?Tranche 2 and 3 Typhoons regularly carry Meteor on live operational sorties with European users, although the Tranche 1s do not use the missile which is why the RAF purchased the latest AIM-120D for its remaining Tranche 1s. I’m a bit surprised the RECO-NG pod was not mentioned in the Recce-Equipment section. For export operators, things are much more dependent on fleet size and support contract structures than the differences between each aircraft type. It only takes a moment. At time of writing the following comparisons would be for the latest F3R Standard Rafale with the RBE2 AESA radar vs a Typhoon FGR.4 in UK service with the CAPTOR-M. How many Meteor could be carried in a wartime emergency? Which aircraft has a superior infra-red search and track system and why? (RBE2 likely to still beat Radar 0 upon IOC due to more mature system and HMI). (Also Damocles is replaced by TALIOS as part of F3R.). It should be said that the KEPD-350 is developing a whole family of KR with different combat units: The main means of hitting ground targets for all European vehicles are the American-made adjustable air bombs (CAA) with laser guidance weighing up to 900 kg. Typhoon is designed to excel in acceleration, climb rate and supersonic performance and agility at high altitudes for maximum beyond visual range capability. It would be the first sale of Rafale outside France once the deal is finalized. On the JAS 39E modification, the range of weapons has increased markedly and includes KAB GBU-12, GBU-16, GBU-49, GBU-22, GBU-24, GBU-53 small diameter bombs, AGM-154 tactical guided-missile systems, AGM-158 JASSM cruise missiles. Digital processing is used to improve image quality. Typhoon’s habit of fighting at very high speeds and altitude for BVR engagements will result in a longer effective range on Meteor shots, but in practice there are almost no scenarios short of a full scale war with Russia where the rules of engagement would allow shots at such a range where that difference would tell. A report suggested Rafale and Typhoon were in the final stage. In a similar situation, Rafal has the advantage of using AASM with a longer range. French CAB with AASM outperforms American JDAM in terms of characteristics. With external pylons, tanks, weapons and pods, both have a sufficient RCS to be detected at long ranges by modern sensors such as the Irbis-E on the Su-35 and Chinese AESAs on J-10C, J-16 or J-20, as well as ground based air defence radars.